The practical life activities are the first activities the child is introduced to in the Montessori environment since they can immediately satisfy the child’s inner desire for skills and self-sufficiency. Upon daily arrival at school we begin with a routine schedule of free choice of activity, circle time, group time, snack, designated days for special activities, outdoor plan and dismissal story. In addition, your child will be surrounded by meaningful language activities to promote expressive and receptive skills to enhance the learning value of each new experience. They will also be exposed to a variety of tactile numbers, letters, literature, science, art, music, geography and cultural activities throughout the year.
Children will begin an introduction to reading readiness skills using the Lippincott Shapebook Series. This series contains important skills and concepts necessary for continual expressive and receptive language development, advanced categorization, visual tracking skills and the development of auditory awareness and cognition. We also will begin the introduction of letters/sounds correspondence, recognition of the alphabet, counting and number recognition, the weather and calendar activities. The children will also partake in daily Practical Life Exercises to further advance their left to right correspondence, balance and upper body coordination. They are involved in advanced sorting, pouring and transferring skills to help develop the pincer grip for future writing activities. In addition, your child will be surrounded by meaningful language activities to promote expressive and receptive skills to enhance the learning value of each new experience. They will also be exposed to a variety of tactile numbers, letters, literature, science, art and music appreciation, geography and cultural activities throughout the year. Critical thinking, analyzing information and drawing conclusions are areas that begin to develp when presented with inviting topics of discussions.
At this stage we continue to develop the oral language and readiness for written language. Simultaneously, we are concentrating on developing the fine motor skills such as pencil grip, writing and cutting. We use the Lippincott Letterbook Series to introduce the children to letter and sound correspondence in a small group environment. Your child will work on the following concepts throughout the year: upper/lower case formation of alphabet, sound discrimination of letters, repetition of sound patterns, increase auditory awareness through auditory CDs, recognition of printed name/writing name, blending 3 letter phonetic words/word families, duplicate words from chalkboard, hand/eye coordination-positioning letters, gradual accumulation of about 50 phonetic words and ability to listen to stories/answer questions and retell events. The Montessori movable alphabet, tactile sandpaper letters and various Montessori Language Materials are incorporated at this stage of learning where sensorial activities aid in the concrete development of letters and words.
A child’s level of math exposure is individualized at this age. We acknowledge these diverse levels and work at a pace that is comfortable for each child. The children will be exposed to the following math concepts in small group setting, as well as, individually at various developmental levels throughout the year:writing and recognizing numbers in the teens to 50+, telephone numbers/addresses, simple addition/subtraction using Montessori beads, telling time, money concepts, geometric shapes, more than/less than, initial measurement concepts, fractions and interpretation of graphs, charts and tables.
Advanced practical life skills such as lacing, tying shoes, flower arranging, transferring of liquids and complex puzzles are used at this stage. Grace and courtesy lessons are a part of daily classroom lessons for the children. Critical thinking, analyzing information and drawing conclusions are areas that are continually developing when presented with inviting topics of discussions.
The children entering this group have developed strong phonemic skills, rhyming skills and vowel discrimination abilities. They will continue with the Lippincott Letterbook Series and complete all 24 books by June. The students work in small group settings and individually to accomplish their specific reading goals. They have developed a lengthy attention span, can work independently and are able to assist other peers in need of help.
Reading concepts consist of the following: discrimination of accumulated letters/sounds; blending 3-5 letter words and short phonetic sentences; reading short phonetic stories; short/long vowel sounds; writing short phonetic stories in their journals; advanced recall of details; refining handwriting skills; advanced cutting, coloring and tracing skills; increased independent work; recall of events through coordinating literature activities.
Mathematic concepts consist of the following: writing numbers to 100+; counting by 2’s, 5’s, 10’s, 100’s; negative integers; inequalities; place value (to the thousandths place); addition/subtraction/regrouping using Montessori beads (hundreds place); fractions/comparisons; time (hour, half hour, to the minute); advance money concepts – adding, subtracting, counting change; solving word problems; measurement – inches, centimeters, perimeter, area; advanced interpretation of charts, graphs, tables; introduction to Roman numerals; and introduction to multiplication.
Advanced practical life skills such as lacing, tying shoes, flower arranging, transferring of liquids and complex puzzles are used at this stage. Grace and courtesy lessons are a part of daily classroom lessons for the children. Critical thinking, analyzing information and drawing conclusions are areas that are continually developing when presented with inviting topics of discussion.